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Riding Guide: core motorcycle skills

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Sections Topics (Table of Content)

Rank Section Name Description Items
1 The Rider Focus on mental and physical preparation, responsible attitude. Your attitude, Health, New riders, Returning riders, Older riders, Disabled riders
2 The Rider and the Law Legal requirements, licensing, insurance, and roadworthiness. Compulsory Basic Training (CBT), Motorcycle riders, Moped riders, Foreign license holders, Disqualified riders, New Driver's Act, Vehicle documents, Insurance
3 Choosing a Motorcycle Guidance on selecting the right motorcycle, size, power, purpose. Buying a Motorcycle, Types of Motorcycle
4 Clothing and Protection Importance of proper gear including helmets, jackets, gloves, and boots. Visors and Goggles, Safety Helmets, Protective Clothing, Gloves, Boots, Visibility Aids, Motorcycle Fairings, Other Protection
5 Motorcycle Controls Understanding the basic controls of a motorcycle. Instrument Panel, Handlebar Controls, Foot Controls, Anti-Lock Braking Systems, Traction Control, Linked Braking Systems
6 Starting to Ride Basics of starting to ride, handling, and basic maneuvers. Getting Started, Stance, Mounting and Dismounting, Starting the Engine, Moving Off, Using the Brakes, Stopping Safely, Emergency Braking, Using the Gears, Signaling, Moving Off at an Angle, Moving Off Uphill
7 Traffic Signs Understanding traffic signs, signals, road markings. The Purpose of Traffic Signs, Signs Giving Orders, Signs Giving Warning, Signs Giving Directions and Other Information, Waiting Restrictions, Road Markings, Traffic Lights, Traffic Calming, Level Crossings
8 On the Road Best practices for safe and responsible riding on public roads. Awareness and Anticipation, Mirrors, Rear Observation, Road Position, Stopping Distance, The Road Surface, Skidding, Separation Distance, Overtaking, Obstructions, Pedestrian Crossings, Tunnels, Trams or LRT Systems
9 Bends and Junctions Techniques for safely navigating bends and junctions. Events, Junctions, The Junction Routine, Turning, Emerging, Types of Junction, Roundabouts, Junctions on Dual Carriageways
10 Defensive Riding Strategies for defensive riding to avoid hazards. Defensive Writing, Observation, Hazards, Lighting, Condition, Other Road Users
11 Riding on Motorways Tips and rules for safely riding on motorways. Motorway Signs and Signals, Joining a Motorway, On the Motorway Lane Discipline, Traffic Control on Motorways, Overtaking, Leaving a Motorway, Weather Conditions, Stopping on Motorways, Motorways at Night, Roadworks, Traffic Officers
12 All-Weather Riding Tips for riding in various weather conditions. Your Motorcycle, Weather and Vision, Riding on Wet Roads, Riding in Fog, Riding in Cold Weather, Riding in Windy Weather, Riding in Sunshine and Hot Weather
13 Riding at Night Special considerations for riding at night. Seeing at Night, Lights, Being Seen, Build-up Areas, Overtaking or Following at Night, Parking at Night, Meeting Other Vehicles
14 Passengers and Loads Safely carrying passengers and loads. Carrying a Passenger, Carrying a Load, Sidecar Outfits, Towing a Trailer
15 Basic Maintenance Essential motorcycle maintenance tasks. Regular Checks, Engine, Suspension, Steering and Wheels, Controls, Electrical Systems
16 Incidents, Accidents, and Emergencies Handling emergencies and basic first aid. The Scene of an Incident, First Aid on the Road, Fire and Electric Shock, Tunnels
17 Fuel Efficient Riding and the Environment Techniques for fuel-efficient riding and minimizing environmental impact. What You Can Do, Fuel-Efficient Riding, Motorcycle Maintenance
18 Avoiding and Dealing with Congestion Strategies for navigating through congested areas safely and efficiently. Journey Planning, Well-Riding, Urban Congestion
19 Riding Abroad Key points for riding in foreign countries, understanding different road rules and preparations. Planning Your Journey, Riding Your Own Motorcycle Abroad, Hiring a Motorcycle, Riding in Europe, Other Things to Consider

1. The Rider

Alt text Explore the foundational aspects of being a motorcyclist, focusing on the rider's mindset, health, and diverse experiences.

Item Tagline Description
Your Attitude Mindset Matters Focuses on the importance of a positive and responsible attitude towards safe riding practices.
Health Rider's Wellness Highlights the need for physical and mental fitness for effective motorcycle handling.
New Riders Starting Strong Offers advice and tips for individuals who are new to motorcycle riding.
Returning Riders Back on the Road Guides riders returning to motorcycling after a break, refreshing skills and awareness.
Older Riders Experienced Journey Addresses the specific needs and considerations of more mature riders.
Disabled Riders Riding Accessibly Discusses adaptations and techniques for riders with disabilities for an inclusive experience.

2. The Rider and the Law

Covers legal aspects including licensing, insurance, and compliance with road laws for motorcycle riders.

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Item Tagline Description
Compulsory Basic Training (CBT) Getting Started Essential training for new riders, covering the basics of motorcycle operation and safety.
Motorcycle Riders On Two Wheels Specific legal requirements and guidelines tailored for motorcycle riders.
Moped Riders Moped Mastery Focuses on the rules and skills necessary for safe and legal moped riding.
Foreign License Holders International Riders Guidelines for riders with licenses issued outside the UK, including conversion and validation processes.
Disqualified Riders Road to Redemption Information on the legal process and requirements for riders seeking to regain their license post-disqualification.
New Driver's Act New Responsibilities Key points about the New Driver's Act and its implications for newly licensed riders.
Vehicle Documents Essential Paperwork Details the necessary documents a rider must possess, like registration and insurance papers.
Insurance Safety Net Importance of having proper insurance coverage for legal compliance and rider protection.

3. Choosing a Motorcycle

Guides through selecting a suitable motorcycle, considering factors like size, power, and purpose.

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Item Tagline Description
Buying a Motorcycle Making the Right Choice Tips and considerations for purchasing a motorcycle, whether new or used.
Types of Motorcycle Variety on Wheels Overview of different motorcycle types and their suitability for various needs.

4. Clothing and Protection

Emphasizes the importance of wearing appropriate gear for safety and protection while riding.

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Item Tagline Description
Visors and Goggles Clear Vision, Safe Rides Importance of eye protection and clear visibility for safety.
Safety Helmets Essential Head Protection Discusses the types of helmets and their critical role in rider safety.
Protective Clothing More Than Just Style The significance of wearing the right clothing for protection against the elements and in accidents.
Gloves Grip and Protection How gloves contribute to better control and protect hands in various conditions.
Boots Sturdy Support The role of boots in providing ankle support and protection from road hazards.
Visibility Aids Be Seen, Be Safe Importance of being visible to other road users, especially in low-light conditions.
Motorcycle Fairings Beyond Aesthetics How fairings can affect motorcycle performance and rider protection.
Other Protection All-Round Safety Additional protective gear and accessories for enhanced safety.

5. Motorcycle Controls

Explores the various controls of a motorcycle and their role in safe and effective riding.

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Item Tagline Description
Instrument Panel Dashboard of Your Ride Understanding the readings and indicators on the motorcycle's instrument panel.
Handlebar Controls At Your Fingertips Mastery of handlebar controls for effective and safe motorcycle operation.
Foot Controls Balancing Act The role of foot controls in motorcycle handling and safety.
Anti-Lock Braking Systems Controlled Stopping Benefits of ABS in preventing wheel lock and maintaining control during braking.
Traction Control Grip for Safety How traction control systems enhance stability and control in various riding conditions.
Linked Braking Systems Synchronized Stopping Understanding the integrated system that links front and rear brakes for more effective stopping.

6. Starting to Ride

Introduces the fundamentals of motorcycle riding, including basic handling and maneuvers.

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Item Tagline Description
Getting Started Kickstart Your Journey Essential steps and tips for beginners taking up motorcycle riding.
Stance Stand and Deliver The importance of proper riding stance for balance and control.
Mounting and Dismounting On and Off the Bike Techniques for safely getting on and off the motorcycle.
Starting the Engine Ignition Point Guide to safely starting the motorcycle engine, covering various types.
Moving Off Smooth Departure Tips for safely moving off from a stationary position.
Using the Brakes Safe Stopping Techniques for effective braking and stopping under different conditions.
Stopping Safely Controlled Halt Strategies for coming to a safe and controlled stop.
Emergency Braking Rapid Response Handling sudden stops with techniques for emergency braking.
Using the Gears Gear Up for Control Mastery of gear use for smooth riding and better control.
Signaling Communicate on the Road The importance of proper signaling to inform other road users of your intentions.
Moving Off at an Angle Angled Departure Techniques for safely moving off when positioned at an angle.
Moving Off Uphill Conquering Slopes Tips for successfully moving off on an uphill gradient.

7. Traffic Signs

Discusses the significance of understanding and following traffic signs for safe motorcycle operation.

Item Tagline Description
The Purpose of Traffic Signs Guided by Signs Understanding how traffic signs guide and regulate road usage.
Signs Giving Orders Rules to Follow Types of signs that command or prohibit certain actions, and their importance.
Signs Giving Warning Stay Alert, Stay Safe Highlighting the role of warning signs in alerting riders to potential hazards.
Signs Giving Directions and Other Information Navigational Aids The importance of signs that provide directions and other vital information.
Waiting Restrictions Know Where to Stop Understanding signs that indicate where stopping or waiting is restricted or controlled.
Road Markings Lines of Guidance How road markings contribute to safe riding and road usage.
Traffic Lights Color-Coded Cues The role of traffic lights in traffic control and rider response to different light signals.
Traffic Calming Slowing Down Safely Understanding traffic calming measures and how to navigate them.
Level Crossings Caution on the Tracks Safety precautions and legal requirements at railway level crossings.

8. On the Road

Focuses on best practices for safe, responsible, and enjoyable riding experiences on public roads.

Item Tagline Description
Awareness and Anticipation Road Sense Cultivating the habit of anticipating potential hazards and being aware of surroundings.
Mirrors Reflecting on Safety Effective use of mirrors for rearward vision and situational awareness.
Rear Observation Looking Back Responsibly Importance of frequent and proper rear observation, especially before maneuvers.
Road Position Positioning for Safety Choosing the safest and most effective road position according to traffic and road conditions.
Stopping Distance Safe Gaps, Safe Stops Understanding and maintaining adequate stopping distances under various conditions.
The Road Surface Surface Challenges Navigating safely over different types of road surfaces and conditions.
Skidding Prevent and Handle Skids Techniques for preventing skids and handling them safely if they occur.
Separation Distance Keeping a Safe Gap Maintaining a safe following distance to allow time for reaction and stopping.
Overtaking Safe and Sound Overtaking Guidelines for overtaking safely, considering visibility, oncoming traffic, and escape routes.
Obstructions Navigating Road Obstacles Handling unexpected obstructions in the road while maintaining safety.
Pedestrian Crossings Respect the Crossing Recognizing and safely negotiating different types of pedestrian crossings.
Tunnels Light at the End of the Tunnel Special considerations when riding through tunnels, like lighting and ventilation.
Trams or LRT Systems Sharing Roads with Rails Safe riding practices in areas with tram lines or light rail transit systems.
## 9. Bends and Junctions
Highlights techniques for safely navigating bends and junctions on a motorcycle.
Item Tagline Description
Events Mastering Motorcycle Events Understanding various motorcycle events and how to safely participate in them.
Junctions Crossroads of Safety Techniques for safely approaching and navigating through different types of junctions.
The Junction Routine Safe Junction Strategies A systematic approach to handling junctions, emphasizing observation and safe maneuvering.
Turning Smooth Turns Ahead Skills for making safe and effective turns, including signaling and positioning.
Emerging Emerging with Care How to safely join a road from a side road or junction.
Types of Junction Diverse Junction Dynamics Differentiating between various junction types and the appropriate approach for each.
Roundabouts Roundabout Riding Rules Navigating roundabouts safely, with emphasis on lane choice, observation, and signaling.
Junctions on Dual Carriageways Dual Carriageway Decisions Special considerations for dealing with junctions on fast-moving dual carriageways.

10. Defensive Riding

Explores strategies and skills for proactive and defensive riding to avoid potential hazards.

Item Tagline Description
Defensive Writing Stay Alert, Stay Alive Emphasizing proactive strategies to anticipate and avoid potential hazards on the road.
Observation Eyes Wide Open The importance of continuous observation and situational awareness for defensive riding.
Hazards Hazard Hunting Identifying and responding to various road hazards to maintain safety.
Lighting Illuminate Your Path Effective use of lighting to enhance visibility and safety, especially in adverse conditions.
Condition Bike and Rider Readiness Keeping the motorcycle and oneself in optimal condition for safe riding.
Other Road Users Share the Road Understanding and anticipating the behavior of other road users for safer interactions.

11. Riding on Motorways

Offers insights into riding safely on motorways, including lane discipline and handling high speeds.

Item Tagline Description
Motorway Signs and Signals Read the Road Interpreting motorway signs and signals correctly for safe and informed riding.
Joining a Motorway Smooth Entry Strategies for safely merging onto motorways from entry slip roads.
On the Motorway Lane Discipline Stay in Line Maintaining proper lane discipline to ensure flow and safety on motorways.
Traffic Control on Motorways Follow the Flow Adhering to traffic control systems and understanding variable speed limits on motorways.
Overtaking Safe Passes Guidelines for overtaking safely on motorways, considering speed and visibility.
Leaving a Motorway Safe Exit Techniques for exiting motorways safely, including timely lane changes and speed adjustments.
Weather Conditions Weather the Storm Adjusting riding style to suit different weather conditions encountered on motorways.
Stopping on Motorways Emergency Planning Understanding when and how to stop on motorways in emergencies.
Motorways at Night Night Riding on Fast Lanes Special considerations for riding on motorways during nighttime.
Roadworks Navigating Construction Zones Safely riding through roadworks on motorways, with attention to signage and reduced speed limits.
Traffic Officers Authority on the Road Respecting the role and instructions of traffic officers on motorways.

12. All-Weather Riding

Provides tips for adapting riding style and gear to various weather conditions.

Item Tagline Description
Your Motorcycle Ready for All Weathers Preparing and maintaining your motorcycle for different weather conditions.
Weather and Vision Seeing Through the Elements Strategies for maintaining clear vision and awareness in various weather conditions.
Riding on Wet Roads Wet Road Wisdom Techniques for safe riding on wet or slippery surfaces, including cornering and braking adjustments.
Riding in Fog Foggy Ride Tactics Navigating safely in foggy conditions, focusing on visibility and speed control.
Riding in Cold Weather Chilled but Safe Tips for riding in cold weather, including gear and motorcycle preparation.
Riding in Windy Weather Breezing Through Handling challenges posed by strong winds, such as gusts and crosswinds.
Riding in Sunshine and Hot Weather Beat the Heat Coping with hot weather conditions, focusing on hydration, ventilation, and sun protection.

13. Riding at Night

Discusses the challenges and safety measures for motorcycle riding during nighttime.

Item Tagline Description
Seeing at Night Night Vision Tips for enhancing visibility and adjusting to low-light conditions while riding at night.
Lights Illuminate the Path The importance of proper lighting for visibility and safety during night riding.
Being Seen Stand Out in the Dark Strategies to increase your visibility to other road users at night.
Build-up Areas Urban Night Riding Navigating built-up areas at night, focusing on pedestrian and vehicular traffic.
Overtaking or Following at Night Safe Distance Safe practices for overtaking and maintaining distance when following vehicles at night.
Parking at Night Secure Nighttime Parking Choosing safe and visible spots for parking motorcycles at night.
Meeting Other Vehicles Headlight Etiquette Proper use of headlights and managing glare when meeting other vehicles at night.

14. Passengers and Loads

Addresses the considerations and adjustments required when carrying passengers or loads on a motorcycle.

Item Tagline Description
Carrying a Passenger Two's Company, Ride Safe Guidelines for safely carrying a passenger, including adjustments in riding style and balance.
Carrying a Load Load Up Safely How to securely load and transport items on a motorcycle, maintaining stability and safety.
Sidecar Outfits Sidecar Stability Tips for riding with a sidecar, covering balance, turning, and weight distribution.
Towing a Trailer Pulling Your Weight Considerations and safety measures for towing a trailer with a motorcycle.

Passenger on a motorcycle

When taking a passenger on a motorcycle, it is crucial to prioritize safety for both the rider and the passenger. Here are some key considerations and steps you should follow:

  1. Legal Requirements: Ensure you're legally allowed to carry a passenger. This usually means having a full motorcycle license, as learners are typically prohibited from carrying passengers.

  2. Motorcycle Suitability: Your motorcycle should be equipped with proper seating and footrests (pegs) for a passenger. The bike should be designed to carry a passenger, which most are, but it's good to check, especially for smaller or specialized motorcycles.

  3. Passenger Equipment: Just like the rider, the passenger needs to wear appropriate safety gear. This includes a properly fitting helmet, motorcycle jacket, gloves, long pants, and over-the-ankle footwear. Eye protection is also necessary if the helmet does not have a visor.

  4. Briefing the Passenger: Before setting off, explain to your passenger how to mount and dismount the bike, preferably only when the motorcycle is stable and you've indicated it's safe to do so. Tell them to keep their feet on the footrests at all times, hold onto your waist or the bike's passenger handles, and lean with you/the bike through turns.

  5. Weight Adjustment: The additional weight of a passenger will affect your motorcycle's handling, braking, and acceleration. You might need to adjust your tire pressures and suspension settings according to your motorcycle's manual to accommodate the extra weight.

  6. Riding Style: Ride smoothly, especially when accelerating, braking, and cornering. Sudden changes in speed or direction can be unsettling for passengers and can also make controlling the motorcycle more difficult.

  7. Communication: Plan a way to communicate with your passenger. Simple hand signals or taps can be effective if you don't have a communication system in helmets.

  8. Practice: If it's the first time you're carrying a passenger, or if the passenger is not used to riding on a motorcycle, consider a short practice ride in a safe, low-traffic area to get used to the feel and balance before going on longer journeys.

  9. Insurance Coverage: Check your insurance policy to ensure it covers carrying passengers. Some policies might require you to inform the insurer or might have specific provisions regarding passengers.

Ensuring you and your passenger's safety is paramount, and being prepared and cautious will make the ride more enjoyable for both of you.

15. Basic Maintenance

Stresses the importance of regular maintenance to keep the motorcycle in top condition.

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Item Tagline Description
Regular Checks Pre-Ride Rituals Emphasizing the importance of regular motorcycle checks for safe and efficient operation.
Engine Heart of the Bike Basic engine maintenance tips to ensure performance and longevity.
Suspension, Steering, and Wheels Ride Smoothly Keeping the suspension, steering, and wheels in good condition for a smooth and safe ride.
Controls In Control Maintenance of motorcycle controls for reliable and responsive riding.
Electrical Systems Powering Your Ride Upkeep of the motorcycle's electrical systems, including lights and indicators.

16. Incidents, Accidents, and Emergencies

Deals with how to manage and respond to incidents, accidents, and emergencies while on the road.

Item Tagline Description
The Scene of an Incident First on Scene How to assess and manage the scene of a motorcycle incident safely and effectively.
First Aid on the Road Roadside Response Basic first aid knowledge and skills crucial for addressing injuries at a road incident.
Fire and Electric Shock Critical Situations Dealing with fire hazards and electric shock risks in motorcycle incidents.
Tunnels Tunnel Troubles Special considerations for dealing with incidents and emergencies in tunnels.

17. Fuel Efficient Riding and the Environment

Focuses on techniques and practices for fuel-efficient riding and reducing environmental impact. Alt text

Item Tagline Description
What You Can Do Eco-Rider Practical tips for riders to reduce their environmental impact and ride more sustainably.
Fuel-Efficient Riding Maximizing Mileage Techniques for increasing fuel efficiency, including smooth acceleration and maintaining steady speeds.
Motorcycle Maintenance Keeping Green Importance of regular maintenance for fuel efficiency and reducing environmental impact.

18. Avoiding and Dealing with Congestion

Offers strategies for efficiently navigating and dealing with congested traffic areas. Alt text

Item Tagline Description
Journey Planning Smart Route Choices Strategies for planning efficient routes to avoid congestion and save time.
Well-Riding Flowing with Traffic Skills for riding smoothly in congested traffic, emphasizing awareness and safety.
Urban Congestion City Riding Strategies Navigating urban areas effectively, dealing with heavy traffic, and staying safe amidst congestion.

19. Riding Abroad

Provides advice for preparing and adapting to the unique challenges of riding a motorcycle in foreign countries.

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Item Tagline Description
Planning Your Journey Border-Crossing Prep Preparing for international motorcycle journeys, including documentation and route planning.
Riding Your Own Motorcycle Abroad Home Bike, New Roads Considerations for taking your own motorcycle abroad, such as legal and insurance requirements.
Hiring a Motorcycle Rent and Ride Tips for renting motorcycles in other countries, including what to look for and expect.
Riding in Europe European Adventures Specific advice for riding in European countries, including traffic laws and cultural nuances.
Other Things to Consider Global Rider Awareness Additional factors to consider when riding abroad, such as local customs and emergency procedures.